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The Impact of the German Minimum Wage on Individual Wages and Monthly Earnings

Burauel Patrick (), Marco Caliendo (), Markus Grabka (), Obst Cosima (), Preuss Malte (), Carsten Schröder () and Shupe Cortnie ()
Additional contact information
Burauel Patrick: SOEP Department, German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin), Mohrenstr. 58, 10117Berlin, Germany
Obst Cosima: Chair of Empirical Economics, Potsdam University, August-Bebel-Str. 89, 14482Potsdam, Germany
Preuss Malte: School of Business and Economics, Free University Berlin, Boltzmannstr. 20, 14195Berlin, Germany
Shupe Cortnie: SOEP Department, German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin), Mohrenstr. 58, 10117Berlin, Germany

Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), 2020, vol. 240, issue 2-3, 201-231

Abstract: This paper evaluates the short-run impact of the introduction of a statutory minimum wage in Germany on the hourly wages and monthly earnings of workers targeted by the reform. We first provide detailed descriptive evidence of changes to the wage structure in particular at the bottom of the distribution and distinguish between trends for regularly employed and marginally employed workers. In the causal analysis, we then employ a differential trend adjusted difference-in-differences (DTADD) strategy to identify the extent to which these changes in wages and earnings can be attributed to the minimum wage introduction. We find that the minimum wage introduction can account for hourly wage growth in the order of roughly 6.5 % or €\euro0.45/hour and an increase in monthly earnings of 6.6 % or €\euro53/month. Despite finding wage growth at the bottom of the distribution, the paper documents widespread non-compliance with the mandated wage floor of €\euro8.50/hour.

Keywords: minimum wage; wage and earnings structure; inequality (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J22 J31 J38 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1515/jbnst-2018-0077

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