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TJONG YONG HIAN AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE CITY OF MEDAN, THE EXISTENCE OF CHINESE THE ECONOMY FIELD IN INDONESIA

Pin Pin, Subhilhar, Heri Kusmanto and Amir Purba

Junior Scientific Researcher, 2018, vol. 4, issue 1, 34-40

Abstract: The domination of economy and trading by a Chinese group in Indonesia could not be separated from the ”open door policy” since colonial age. Politically, Chinese had been granted special privilege through vreemde oosterlingen system, which was the separation of foreign eastern people and native inhabitants. Besides the officer system, residential system, construction of the social order were the construction of power hegemony in order to achieve development objectives. Tjong Yong Hian was one of the prominent businessman in a colonial age that arose from the production of that colonial policy system. Position and status that were given to Tjong Yong Hian, as well as political policy that were given by the government to the Chines,e enabled Tjong Yong Hian to strengthen his existence in the economy field. His success in developing his business empire had given contribution in the development of the City of Medan since the beginning of the 20th century.

Keywords: Domination of economy; residential system; Tjong Yong Hian (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: N01 N85 N95 O17 Q27 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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