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THE ROLE OF ACCESSIBILITY IN DETERMINING TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY IN R&D ACTIVITY OF ITALIAN REGIONS

Angela Bergantino, Claudia Capozza and Angela de Carlo

Articles, 2013, vol. 40, issue 3

Abstract: In this paper we measure technical efficiency in Research and Development (R&D) of Italian regions with the aim of understanding whether the variation in accessibility and transport infrastructure endowment across regions might be the cause of efficiency disparities. We use a semi-parametric method where in the first step we estimate bootstrapped efficiency scores through DEA while in the second step, efficiency scores are explained – using alternative estimation methods – in a regression model accounting for transport infrastructure related variables as nondiscretionary inputs. We show that well-developed transport infrastructure networks and services significantly improve R&D efficiency by facilitating connections and, thus, knowledge transfer.

Date: 2013
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