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Comparing accuracy of second-order approximation and dynamic programming

Stephanie Becker, Lars Grüne and Willi Semmler ()

Computational Economics, 2007, vol. 30, issue 1, 65-91

Abstract: The accuracy of the solution of dynamic general equilibrium models has become a major issue. Recent papers, in which second-order approximations have been substituted for first-order, indicate that this change may yield a significant improvement in accuracy. Second order approximations have been used with considerable success when solving for the decision variables in both small and large-scale models. Additionally, the issue of accuracy is relevant for the approximate solution of value functions. In numerous dynamic decision problems, welfare is usually computed via this same approximation procedure. However, Kim and Kim (Journal of International Economics, 60, 471–500, 2003) have found a reversal of welfare ordering when they moved from first- to second-order approximations. Other researchers, studying the impact of monetary and fiscal policy on welfare, have faced similar challenges with respect to the accuracy of approximations of the value function. Employing a base-line stochastic growth model, this paper compares the accuracy of second-order approximations and dynamic programming solutions for both the decision variable and the value function as well. We find that, in a neighborhood of the equilibrium, the second-order approximation method performs satisfactorily; however, on larger regions, dynamic programming performs significantly better with respect to both the decision variable and the value function. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Keywords: Dynamic general equilibrium model; Approximation methods; Second-order approximation; Dynamic programming (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2007
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Handle: RePEc:kap:compec:v:30:y:2007:i:1:p:65-91