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Health gap between developed and developing countries: Does globalization matter?

Khaled Elmawazini (), Pranlal Manga (), Sonny Nwankwo () and Bader AlNaser ()
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Khaled Elmawazini: Gulf University for Science and Technology
Pranlal Manga: University of Ottawa
Sonny Nwankwo: Nigerian Defence Academy
Bader AlNaser: Gulf University for Science and Technology

Economic Change and Restructuring, 2019, vol. 52, issue 2, 123-138

Abstract: Abstract Whilst there is a rich body of literature linking globalization with economic disparities between rich and poor nations, there is very little situated understanding of causal links, if any, between globalization and health gaps between nations. Set against this background, this paper contributes to the empirical literature by investigating globalization as a channel of the health gap between countries in Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Results from a dynamic panel data analysis show that globalization has statistically insignificant impact on the health gap between the OECD and SSA countries. Rather, economic and demographic structures, measured by the age dependency ratio (% of working-age population) and GDP per capita growth emerged as the main determinants of the health gap between SSA and OECD countries. The paper draws out some policy implications which may usefully impact programmes aimed at checking health inequities between developing and developed countries.

Keywords: Globalization; Health gap; Life expectancy; Dynamic panel data; SSA; OECD (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F6 I1 O55 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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Handle: RePEc:kap:ecopln:v:52:y:2019:i:2:d:10.1007_s10644-017-9219-0