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Education and democracy in the Arab world

Nouha Bougharriou (), Walid Benayed () and Foued Badr Gabsi ()
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Nouha Bougharriou: University of Sfax
Walid Benayed: Higher Institute of Management of Gabès
Foued Badr Gabsi: University of Sfax

Economic Change and Restructuring, 2019, vol. 52, issue 2, No 3, 139-155

Abstract: Abstract This paper analyzes the relationship between education and democracy with a focus on the recent political events of the Arab Spring. In this regard, we examine the effect of five different measures of education on democracy using a dynamic panel regression model for a sample of 15 Arab countries over the period 1990–2013. The obtained results indicate that education fosters the emergence of democracy. Our findings are robust with respect to various determinants of democracy and to the choice of the sample period, suggesting that increasing education expenditure and improving educational access and equality are key policy priorities to promote the onset of democracy.

Keywords: Democracy; Education; Dynamic panel; Arab world (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: P16 H52 I21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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DOI: 10.1007/s10644-017-9221-6

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