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Sustainability of current account balances in MENA countries: threshold cointegration approach

Rihab Bousnina (), Srdjan Redzepagic () and Foued Badr Gabsi ()
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Rihab Bousnina: University of Sfax
Srdjan Redzepagic: University of Nice Sophia Antipolis
Foued Badr Gabsi: University of Sfax

Economic Change and Restructuring, 2021, vol. 54, issue 1, No 10, 264 pages

Abstract: Abstract This document aims to determine the empirical link between current account balances and a set of economic variables proposed by the theoretical and empirical literature. To do this, we first use a generalized method of moments (GMM) dynamic panel regression technique to identify the key fundamentals of current account balances in certain economies in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Next, we estimate the link between exports and imports in order to test the sustainability of current account balances. To do this, the authors estimate a threshold cointegration model on a sample of 12 countries from the MENA region over the period 1970–2018. Nevertheless, the results show that the countries of the MENA region must put in place policies aimed at reducing their current account deficits in order to regain their external stability.

Keywords: Current account; Threshold autoregressive; Budget constraint (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C22 F32 H61 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1007/s10644-020-09278-5

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