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A bootstrapped Malmquist index applied to Swedish district courts

Pontus Mattsson (), Jonas Månsson (), Christian Andersson and Fredrik Bonander ()
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Pontus Mattsson: Linnaeus University
Jonas Månsson: Linnaeus University
Fredrik Bonander: Swedish National Audit Office (SNAO)

European Journal of Law and Economics, 2018, vol. 46, issue 1, No 4, 109-139

Abstract: Abstract This study measures the total factor productivity (TFP) of the Swedish district courts by applying data envelopment analysis to calculate the Malmquist productivity index (MPI) of 48 Swedish district courts from 2012 to 2015. In contrast to the limited international literature on court productivity, this study uses a fully decomposed MPI. A bootstrapping approach is further applied to compute confidence intervals for each decomposed factor of TFP. The findings show a 1.7% average decline of TFP, annually. However, a substantial variation between years can be observed in the number of statistically significant courts below and above unity. The averages of the components show that the negative impact is mainly driven by negative technical change. Large variations are also observed over time where the small courts have the largest volatility. Two recommendations are: (1) that district courts with negative TFP growth could learn from those with positive TFP growth; and (2) that the back-up labour force could be developed to enhance flexibility.

Keywords: Bootstrap; Data envelopment analysis (DEA); District courts; Malmquist productivity index (MPI); Total factor productivity (TFP) (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D24 K49 O33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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DOI: 10.1007/s10657-018-9582-y

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