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Does the presence of high-skilled employees increase total and high-skilled employment in the long run? Evidence from Austria

Sascha Sardadvar () and Christian Reiner ()
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Sascha Sardadvar: WU Vienna

Empirica, 2017, vol. 44, issue 1, 59-89

Abstract: Abstract Studies conducted for the US have found a positive effect of human capital endowments on employment growth, with human capital endowments diverging at the same time. In contrast, studies for European countries have found convergence of human capital endowments. This paper tests these relationships for the 99 Austrian districts for the observation period 1971–2011 by estimating how the presence of high-skilled employment affects total, low-skilled and high-skilled employment growth. To this end, OLS, fixed-effects and first-difference regressions are estimated. The results indicate continuous convergence of high-skilled employment which, however, slowed down significantly since the 1990s. In contrast to previous studies, evidence for positive effects of high-skilled on total and low-skilled employment is only weak and varies over time. Furthermore, the results show that total and high-skilled employment in suburban areas grew faster than in other regions, while districts which bordered the Eastern Bloc were disadvantaged. Nevertheless, spatial neighbourhood effects within Austria are only weak.

Keywords: Human capital; Employment growth; Convergence; Smart city hypothesis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J24 O15 R11 R12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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