Does the presence of high-skilled employees increase total and high-skilled employment in the long run? Evidence from Austria
Sascha Sardadvar () and
Christian Reiner ()
Additional contact information
Sascha Sardadvar: WU Vienna
Empirica, 2017, vol. 44, issue 1, 59-89
Abstract Studies conducted for the US have found a positive effect of human capital endowments on employment growth, with human capital endowments diverging at the same time. In contrast, studies for European countries have found convergence of human capital endowments. This paper tests these relationships for the 99 Austrian districts for the observation period 1971–2011 by estimating how the presence of high-skilled employment affects total, low-skilled and high-skilled employment growth. To this end, OLS, fixed-effects and first-difference regressions are estimated. The results indicate continuous convergence of high-skilled employment which, however, slowed down significantly since the 1990s. In contrast to previous studies, evidence for positive effects of high-skilled on total and low-skilled employment is only weak and varies over time. Furthermore, the results show that total and high-skilled employment in suburban areas grew faster than in other regions, while districts which bordered the Eastern Bloc were disadvantaged. Nevertheless, spatial neighbourhood effects within Austria are only weak.
Keywords: Human capital; Employment growth; Convergence; Smart city hypothesis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J24 O15 R11 R12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10663-015-9311-5 Abstract (text/html)
Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:kap:empiri:v:44:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s10663-015-9311-5
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.springer. ... ration/journal/10663
Access Statistics for this article
Empirica is currently edited by Fritz Breuss and Fritz Breuss
More articles in Empirica from Springer, Austrian Institute for Economic Research, Austrian Economic Association Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla ().