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The economic impact of east–west migration on the European Union

Martin Kahanec and Mariola Pytlikova ()

Empirica, 2017, vol. 44, issue 3, 407-434

Abstract: Abstract This study contributes to the literature on destination-country consequences of international migration, with investigations on the effects of immigration from new EU member states and Eastern Partnership countries on the economies of old EU member states during the years 1995–2010. Using a rich international migration dataset and an empirical model accounting for the endogeneity of migration flows, we find positive and significant effects of post-enlargement migration flows from new EU member states on old member states’ GDP, GDP per capita, and employment rate, and a negative effect on output per worker. We also find small, but statistically significant negative effects of migration from Eastern Partnership countries on receiving countries’ GDP, GDP per capita, employment rate, and capital stock, but a positive significant effect on capital-to-labor ratio. These results mark an economic success of the EU’s eastern enlargements and free movement of workers in an enlarged EU.

Keywords: EU enlargement; Free mobility of workers; Migration impacts; European single market; East–west migration; Eastern partnership (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J15 J61 J68 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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Related works:
Working Paper: The Economic Impact of East-West Migration on the European Union (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: The economic impact of East-West migration on the European Union (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: The Economic Impact of East-West Migration on the European Union (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: The Economic Impact of East?West Migration on the European Union (2016) Downloads
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