The non-linear impact of monetary policy on international reserves: macroeconomic variables nexus
Po-Chin Wu () and
Additional contact information
Po-Chin Wu: Chung Yuan Christian University
Chung-Chih Lee: Chung Yuan Christian University
Empirica, 2018, vol. 45, issue 1, No 8, 165-185
Abstract This paper employs panel smooth transition regression models to investigate the nonlinear effects of two monetary policy proxies (i.e., real exchange rate return and real interest rate differential) on the international reserves—macroeconomic variables nexus. The panel data set includes the fourteen G-20 countries during the period 1991–2012. Empirical results show that the marginal effects of the macroeconomic variables (savings, terms of trade, public debt, capital account liberalization, economic growth, and trade openness) on international reserves are non-linear and vary with time, the proxies and countries, not linear and constant derived from traditional linear model. Currency devaluation policy (against the US dollar) can non-linearly enlarge the positive contribution of trade openness and public debt on international reserves, and non-linearly reduce the negative impact of terms of trade on international reserves, as the Marshall–Lerner condition holds. Expansionary monetary policy (through the decrease in domestic interest rates) can strengthen the positive effects of public debt, trade openness, and economic growth on international reserves. The precautionary and mercantilist views of reserves holdings are partially supported.
Keywords: Panel smooth transition regression (PSTR) model; International reveres; Real exchange rate return; Real interest rate differential (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C23 E52 F30 C24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10663-016-9353-3 Abstract (text/html)
Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:kap:empiri:v:45:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s10663-016-9353-3
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.springer. ... ration/journal/10663
Access Statistics for this article
Empirica is currently edited by Fritz Breuss and Fritz Breuss
More articles in Empirica from Springer, Austrian Institute for Economic Research, Austrian Economic Association Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla () and Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing ().