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R&D spillovers and employment: evidence from European patent data

Massimiliano Agovino, Luigi Aldieri (), Antonio Garofalo () and Concetto Paolo Vinci
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Antonio Garofalo: University of Naples “Parthenope”

Empirica, 2018, vol. 45, issue 2, No 2, 247-260

Abstract: Abstract In this paper we investigate the role of patents in the relationship between R&D activity, spillovers and employment at the firm level. A reduced-form labour demand equation is estimated. Our analysis is based upon a dataset consisting of 879 R&D-intensive manufacturing firms worldwide for which information was collected for the period 2002–2010. We use data from all EU R&D investment scoreboard editions issued every year until 2011 by the JRC-IPTS (scoreboards). Since the innovation output of the industrial strategy of every firm is the number of patents, the main contribution to the existing literature is to investigate also the impact of patents/R&D ratio and patents/spillovers ratio on employment level. The empirical results suggest a significant impact of R&D spillover effects on company employment although the results differ substantially according to the spillover stock, which may considerably affect policy implications.

Keywords: Regional economics; Panel data models; R&D spillovers; Employment; Innovation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: R1 O33 J20 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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DOI: 10.1007/s10663-016-9359-x

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