Getting a lot out of a little bit of work? The effects of marginal employment during unemployment
Rainer Eppel () and
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Rainer Eppel: Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO)
Helmut Mahringer: Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO)
Empirica, 2019, vol. 46, issue 2, No 8, 408 pages
Abstract Unemployed workers in Austria are allowed to top up unemployment benefits with a certain amount of earnings from employment without any benefit reduction. We do not find evidence that entering such “marginal employment” during unemployment acts as a stepping stone to regular employment. On the contrary, it tends to prolong the unemployment spell and hence reduces the time spent in regular employment within a 3-year period. Moreover, marginal employment during the unemployment spell leads to lower earnings. It inhibits the return to regular employment probably due to a high implicit tax rate on additional income.
Keywords: Marginal employment; Unemployment; Unemployment insurance; Labour market policy evaluation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J22 J65 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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