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Population-level intervention and information collection in dynamic healthcare policy

Lauren E. Cipriano () and Thomas Weber ()
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Lauren E. Cipriano: Western University

Health Care Management Science, 2018, vol. 21, issue 4, 604-631

Abstract: Abstract We develop a general framework for optimal health policy design in a dynamic setting. We consider a hypothetical medical intervention for a cohort of patients where one parameter varies across cohorts with imperfectly observable linear dynamics. We seek to identify the optimal time to change the current health intervention policy and the optimal time to collect decision-relevant information. We formulate this problem as a discrete-time, infinite-horizon Markov decision process and we establish structural properties in terms of first and second-order monotonicity. We demonstrate that it is generally optimal to delay information acquisition until an effect on decisions is sufficiently likely. We apply this framework to the evaluation of hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening in the general population determining which birth cohorts to screen for HCV and when to collect information about HCV prevalence.

Keywords: Medical decision making; Markov decision processes; Hepatitis C virus; Optimal stopping; Dynamic programming (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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Handle: RePEc:kap:hcarem:v:21:y:2018:i:4:d:10.1007_s10729-017-9415-5