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Advancing evidence-based healthcare facility design: a systematic literature review

Farouq Halawa (), Sreenath Chalil Madathil, Alice Gittler and Mohammad T. Khasawneh
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Farouq Halawa: Binghamton University
Sreenath Chalil Madathil: The University of Texas at El Paso
Alice Gittler: EwingCole
Mohammad T. Khasawneh: Binghamton University

Health Care Management Science, 2020, vol. 23, issue 3, No 11, 453-480

Abstract: Abstract Healthcare facility design is a complex process that brings together diverse stakeholders and ideally aligns operational, environmental, experiential, clinical, and organizational objectives. The challenges inherent in facility design arise from the dynamic and complex nature of healthcare itself, and the growing accountability to the quadruple aims of enhancing patient experience, improving population health, reducing costs, and improving staff work life. Many healthcare systems and design practitioners are adopting an evidence-based approach to facility design, defined broadly as basing decisions about the built environment on credible and rigorous research and linking facility design to quality outcomes. Studies focused on architectural options and concepts in the evidence-based design literature have largely employed observation, surveys, post-occupancy study, space syntax analysis, or have been retrospective in nature. Fewer studies have explored layout optimization frameworks, healthcare layout modeling, applications of artificial intelligence, and layout robustness. These operations research/operations management approaches are highly valuable methods to inform healthcare facility design process in its earliest stages and measure performance in quantitative terms, yet they are currently underutilized. A primary objective of this paper is to begin to bridge this gap. This systematic review summarizes 65 evidence-based research studies related to facility layout and planning concepts published from 2008 through 2018, and categorizes them by methodology, area of focus, typology, and metrics of interest. The review identifies gaps in the existing literature and proposes solutions to advance evidence-based healthcare facility design. This work is the first of its kind to review the facility design literature across the disciplines of evidence-based healthcare design research, healthcare systems engineering, and operations research/operations management. The review suggests areas for future study that will enhance evidence-based healthcare facility designs through the integration of operations research and management science methods.

Keywords: Facility layout; Evidence-based design; Literature review; Layout optimization; Operations research (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1007/s10729-020-09506-4

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