Effect of HIV/AIDS on Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: Recent Evidence
Mohammed Abubakari and
Priscilla Twumasi Baffour
Additional contact information
Mohammed Abubakari: Groupe Nduom
Priscilla Twumasi Baffour: University of Ghana
International Advances in Economic Research, 2019, vol. 25, issue 4, No 8, 469-480
Abstract This paper examines the effect of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) on economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) using data from 46 SSA countries spanning the period 2000–2015. Results based on the system-generalized method of moments estimation showed that a 1% increase in the HIV/AIDS prevalence rate in SSA decreased the growth in per capita income by 0.47%. The impact of HIV/AIDS on economic growth was felt most in Eastern Africa followed by West Africa, although the prevalence rate was highest in Southern Africa. In particular, a 1% increase in the prevalence rate of HIV/AIDS in Eastern Africa and West Africa retarded growth in per capita income by 0.64% and 0.47%, respectively, over the study period. The paper suggests that for SSA to minimize the impact of HIV/AIDS prevalence on growth, African governments should take a cue from the southern African countries by making anti-retroviral drugs more accessible and affordable to persons living with the disease.
Keywords: Economic growth; HIV/AIDS prevalence; Sub-Saharan Africa; Generalized method of moments (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O47 I10 I12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11294-019-09754-3 Abstract (text/html)
Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:kap:iaecre:v:25:y:2019:i:4:d:10.1007_s11294-019-09754-3
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
Access Statistics for this article
International Advances in Economic Research is currently edited by Katherine S. Virgo
More articles in International Advances in Economic Research from Springer, International Atlantic Economic Society Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla () and Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing ().