Challenges for nationwide vaccine delivery in African countries
Mario Songane ()
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Mario Songane: McGill Life Sciences Complex, McGill University
International Journal of Health Economics and Management, 2018, vol. 18, issue 2, No 5, 197-219
Abstract Vaccines are very effective in providing individual and community (herd) immunity against a range of diseases. In addition to protection against a range of diseases, vaccines also have social and economic benefits. However, for vaccines to be effective, routine immunization programmes must be undertaken regularly to ensure individual and community protection. Nonetheless, in many countries in Africa, vaccination coverage is low because governments struggle to deliver vaccines to the most remote areas, thus contributing to constant outbreaks of various vaccine-preventable diseases. African governments fail to deliver vaccines to a significant percentage of the target population due to many issues in key areas such as policy setting, programme management and financing, supply chain, global vaccine market, research and development of vaccines. This review gives an overview of the causes of these issues and what is currently being done to address them. This review will discuss the role of philanthropic organisations such as the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and global partnerships such as the global alliance for vaccines and immunizations in the development, purchase and delivery of vaccines.
Keywords: Vaccine; Africa; Routine immunization; Supply chain; Delivery (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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