EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Asymmetric behavior of tobacco consumption in Spain across the business cycle: a long-term regional analysis

Juan M. Martín Álvarez, Alejandro Almeida, Aida Galiano and Antonio A. Golpe ()
Additional contact information
Juan M. Martín Álvarez: International University of La Rioja
Alejandro Almeida: International University of La Rioja
Aida Galiano: International University of La Rioja
Antonio A. Golpe: University of Huelva

International Journal of Health Economics and Management, 2020, vol. 20, issue 4, No 4, 421 pages

Abstract: Abstract Many theoretical and empirical studies have analyzed the relationship between the economic cycle and tobacco consumption using the GDP and unemployment rates as the key variables for measuring economic phases. However, few studies focus on the pathways that cause tobacco consumption to be linked with the economic cycle, and there are no studies analyzing the heterogeneous effects underlying this relationship across nations and regions. This article explores the relationship and its pathways in 16 Spanish regions for the period 1989–2018. To this end, we apply a Granger causality analysis based on the augmented vector autoregressive (VAR) model in levels and extra lags. This method provides more efficient and robust results than the standard VAR model, which can lead to biased results with limited samples, especially in a region-by-region analysis. The empirical results suggest that the impact of the business cycle on tobacco consumption is heterogeneous and specific to each region. In addition, although recession phases cause a decline in tobacco consumption in Spain, in line with the literature, this procyclical relationship does not occur for expansion phases in all regions. One of the main findings of this article is that in expansion phases, tobacco consumption is sensitive to GDP, while in recession phases, tobacco consumption is affected by unemployment. National and regional governments should consider these results when they develop smoking control policies because homogeneous strategies can lead to heterogeneous results. Thus, the results can be useful for policymakers dealing with tobacco control strategies.

Keywords: Tobacco; Economic growth; Granger causality; Asymmetric causality; Panel causality; Bootstrap (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L83 F43 C32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10754-020-09286-y Abstract (text/html)
Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:kap:ijhcfe:v:20:y:2020:i:4:d:10.1007_s10754-020-09286-y

Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.springer. ... th/journal/10754/PS2

DOI: 10.1007/s10754-020-09286-y

Access Statistics for this article

International Journal of Health Economics and Management is currently edited by Leemore Dafny, Robert Town, Mark Pauly, David Dranove and Pedro Pita Barros

More articles in International Journal of Health Economics and Management from Springer
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla () and Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing ().

 
Page updated 2020-12-26
Handle: RePEc:kap:ijhcfe:v:20:y:2020:i:4:d:10.1007_s10754-020-09286-y