Gender bias in the spending of child benefits: evidence from a natural policy reform
Panayiota Lyssiotou ()
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Panayiota Lyssiotou: University of Cyprus
International Tax and Public Finance, 2018, vol. 25, issue 4, 1029-1070
Abstract We examine the causal relationship between child benefits and household spending on child and adult goods. In particular, we examine whether it matters if it is the husband or wife who controls this income transfer. We exploit the introduction of child benefits to families with at least four children. The law assigned the mother as the beneficiary but, when asked who collected the amount, one-third of beneficiary families reported the father as the recipient. We use the propensity score matching approach to assess the issue of possible self-selection of beneficiary families into answering who was the recipient parent and the results favour common support. We apply the difference-in-difference approach and find evidence in favour of a gender bias in the spending of child benefits. On average, after the reform, recipient families’ spending on child clothing, food and tobacco was significantly different from that of non-recipient families. Further analysis suggests that recipient families with the mother (father) in control of the amount spent more on child clothing and food (tobacco) relative to non-recipient families. The evidence has implications on the design of welfare programmes to benefit the children.
Keywords: Child benefits; Public policy; Household expenditure behaviour; Intrafamily allocation; Welfare; Recipient and labelling hypotheses (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I38 H31 J18 D1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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