EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

The immeasurable tax gains by Dutch shell companies

Arjan Lejour (), Jan Möhlmann and Maarten ’t Riet
Additional contact information
Jan Möhlmann: CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis
Maarten ’t Riet: CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis

International Tax and Public Finance, 2022, vol. 29, issue 2, No 3, 316-357

Abstract: Abstract This paper examines corporate tax avoidance involving Dutch special purpose entities (SPEs), or shell companies. We use unique data of the SPEs including the origin and destination country of dividend, interest, and royalty flows passing the Netherlands. First, we present descriptive statistics of these flows which amount to 140 billion euro in 2016. Second, we collect national tax data on the corporate income tax and fiscal treatment of these flows. By combining tax parameters with bilateral flows, we can assess the potential tax gains for multinational enterprises using Dutch SPEs. We find massive tax savings for royalties when Dutch SPEs are used as an intermediate station compared to direct flows between the origin and destination country. We measure this tax gain at almost 3 billion euro in a single year. However, we do not find such tax savings for dividends and interest. We explain where we lack information and hence cannot measure possible tax gains. In regression analysis, controlling for country characteristics, we find that tax differentials partially explain the geographical patterns of income flows diverted through the Netherlands. This paper is one of the first using bilateral income flows as dependent variables instead of FDI stocks or flows.

Keywords: Corporate taxation; International tax planning; Treaty shopping; Bilateral dividend flows; Bilateral interest flows; Bilateral royalty flows (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G32 H25 H32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10797-021-09669-y Abstract (text/html)
Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:kap:itaxpf:v:29:y:2022:i:2:d:10.1007_s10797-021-09669-y

Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.springer. ... ce/journal/10797/PS2

DOI: 10.1007/s10797-021-09669-y

Access Statistics for this article

International Tax and Public Finance is currently edited by Ronald B. Davies and Kimberly Scharf

More articles in International Tax and Public Finance from Springer, International Institute of Public Finance Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla () and Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing ().

 
Page updated 2022-12-29
Handle: RePEc:kap:itaxpf:v:29:y:2022:i:2:d:10.1007_s10797-021-09669-y