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Tax competition and tax base equalization in the presence of multiple tax instruments

Mutsumi Matsumoto ()

International Tax and Public Finance, 2022, vol. 29, issue 5, No 5, 1213-1226

Abstract: Abstract The literature on tax competition has argued that tax base equalization, which reduces regional disparities in tax bases, can serve as a means of internalizing horizontal and vertical fiscal externalities. This argument assumes that each government relies on a single tax base (a regional tax on mobile capital and a federal tax on savings). This paper considers the case in which a distortionary labor tax is also available. Internalizing fiscal externalities requires that while the regional capital tax base is fully equalized, a region’s equalization entitlement for the labor tax is positive when its tax base is “larger” than the average tax base of all regions. This efficient tax base equalization system is incompatible with the primary objective of fiscal equalization.

Keywords: Tax competition; Fiscal externalities; Fiscal equalization; H71; H77; R50 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1007/s10797-021-09703-z

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