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Life expectancy and education: evidence from the cardiovascular revolution

Casper Hansen () and Holger Strulik ()

Journal of Economic Growth, 2017, vol. 22, issue 4, 421-450

Abstract: Abstract This paper exploits the unexpected decline in the death rate from cardiovascular diseases since the 1970s as a large positive health shock that affected predominantly old-age mortality; i.e. the fourth stage of the epidemiological transition. Using a difference-in-differences estimation strategy, we find that US states with higher mortality rates from cardiovascular disease prior to the 1970s experienced greater increases in adult life expectancy and higher education enrollment. Our estimates suggest that a one-standard deviation higher treatment intensity is associated with an increase in adult life expectancy of 0.37 years and 0.07–0.15 more years of higher education.

Keywords: Adult life expectancy; Higher education; Cardiovascular diseases; Difference-in-differences strategy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I15 J24 N30 O10 O40 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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Related works:
Working Paper: Life Expectancy and Education: Evidence from the Cardiovascular Revolution (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Life expectancy and education: Evidence from the cardiovascular revolution (2015) Downloads
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