Between communism and capitalism: long-term inequality in Poland, 1892–2015
Paweł Bukowski () and
Filip Novokmet ()
Additional contact information
Paweł Bukowski: London School of Economics and Political Science
Filip Novokmet: University of Bonn
Journal of Economic Growth, 2021, vol. 26, issue 2, No 3, 187-239
Abstract We construct the first consistent series on the long-term distribution of income in Poland by combining tax, household survey and national accounts data. We document a U-shaped evolution of inequalities from the end of the nineteenth century until today: (1) inequality was high before WWII; (2) abruptly fell after the introduction of communism in 1947 and stagnated at low levels during the whole communist period; (3) experienced a sharp rise with the return to capitalism in 1989. We find that official survey-based measures strongly under-estimate the rise in inequality since 1989. Our results highlight the prominent role of capital income in driving the U-shaped evolution of top income shares. The unique inequality history of Poland speaks to the central role of institutions and policies in shaping inequality in the long run.
Keywords: Income inequality; Transformation; Poland (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D31 E01 J3 N34 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10887-021-09190-1 Abstract (text/html)
Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:kap:jecgro:v:26:y:2021:i:2:d:10.1007_s10887-021-09190-1
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.springer. ... th/journal/10887/PS2
Access Statistics for this article
Journal of Economic Growth is currently edited by Oded Galor
More articles in Journal of Economic Growth from Springer
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla () and Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing ().