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Brain drain and income distribution

Aida Galiano () and Jose Romero ()
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Aida Galiano: Universidad Internacional de La Rioja (UNIR)

Journal of Economics, 2018, vol. 124, issue 3, 243-267

Abstract: Abstract In a context in which increased income inequality has raised much concern, and skilled workers move easily across countries, an important question arises: how does the brain drain affect income distribution in the source economy? We address this question and introduce two contributions to the literature on brain drain. First, we present and solve a simple stylized model to study whether and, if so, how the brain drain affects the distribution of income, in a context in which higher education is publicly financed with general taxes. Second, we explore empirically the effect of an increase in skilled emigration on income distribution. A key prediction of our theoretical model is the existence of a non-monotonic relationship between income inequality and emigration of skilled workers. Our empirical data confirm this result, showing a statistically significant inverse U-shaped form.

Keywords: Tertiary education; Brain drain; Income distribution (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F2 I2 O1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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