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Towards a conceptual multi-agent-based framework to simulate the spatial group decision-making process

Seyed Morsal Ghavami () and Mohammad Taleai ()
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Seyed Morsal Ghavami: K.N.Toosi University of Technology
Mohammad Taleai: K.N.Toosi University of Technology

Journal of Geographical Systems, 2017, vol. 19, issue 2, 109-132

Abstract: Abstract Most spatial problems are multi-actor, multi-issue and multi-phase in nature. In addition to their intrinsic complexity, spatial problems usually involve groups of actors from different organizational and cognitive backgrounds, all of whom participate in a social structure to resolve or reduce the complexity of a given problem. Hence, it is important to study and evaluate what different aspects influence the spatial problem resolution process. Recently, multi-agent systems consisting of groups of separate agent entities all interacting with each other have been put forward as appropriate tools to use to study and resolve such problems. In this study, then in order to generate a better level of understanding regarding the spatial problem group decision-making process, a conceptual multi-agent-based framework is used that represents and specifies all the necessary concepts and entities needed to aid group decision making, based on a simulation of the group decision-making process as well as the relationships that exist among the different concepts involved. The study uses five main influencing entities as concepts in the simulation process: spatial influence, individual-level influence, group-level influence, negotiation influence and group performance measures. Further, it explains the relationship among different concepts in a descriptive rather than explanatory manner. To illustrate the proposed framework, the approval process for an urban land use master plan in Zanjan—a provincial capital in Iran—is simulated using MAS, the results highlighting the effectiveness of applying an MAS-based framework when wishing to study the group decision-making process used to resolve spatial problems.

Keywords: Conceptual framework; Multi-agent system; Spatial group decision making; Spatial planning; Land use planning (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: R14 R52 R58 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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