Small business enterprises and Latino entrepreneurship: An enclave or mainstream activity in South Texas?
Michael Pisani (),
Joseph M. Guzman,
Carlos Sepulveda and
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Joseph M. Guzman: Michigan State University
Chad Richardson: University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Carlos Sepulveda: University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Lyonel Laulié: Wayne State University
Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 2017, vol. 15, issue 3, No 4, 295-323
Abstract We surveyed 298 Latino small businesses in South Texas, a minority-majority region, in the summer of 2010. The survey focused on Latino entrepreneurship, and in this paper, we report findings associated with business start-up, immigration status of the entrepreneur, the sphere of business operations within formal or informal markets, the role of language in business operations, and the impact of the US-Mexico border in business success. We explore Latino entrepreneurship in the region as an enclave or mainstream activity developing a typology of business income chances associated with immigration documentation and business start-up rationale. Lastly, using multivariate analysis, we find gender, financial access, residence, and business language significant determinants in business orientation between necessity-driven and opportunity-driven Latino enterprises.
Keywords: Latino entrepreneurship; South Texas; Opportunity-driven versus necessity-driven enterprises; L26; R19; J46 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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