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International entrepreneurship education: Barriers versus support mechanisms to STEM students

Joao Ferreira (), Arminda Paço (), Mário Raposo (), Celia Hadjichristodoulou () and Despina Marouchou ()
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Arminda Paço: University of Beira Interior & NECE
Mário Raposo: University of Beira Interior & NECE
Celia Hadjichristodoulou: GrantXpert Consulting Ltd.
Despina Marouchou: European University

Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 2021, vol. 19, issue 1, No 5, 130-147

Abstract: Abstract Previous research on entrepreneurship education (EE), specifically directed to students from the science and technology fields, has been very sparse. This research aims to analyse how Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) develop EE programmes, as well as discussing how the barriers to EE are perceived by STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) students. The paper is based on an international training project, SCIENT, aiming to foster young scientists’ entrepreneurial spirit having its focus on the lean start-up approach. The data were collected by questionnaires directed to STEM students in some European countries. The results show that HEIs carry out several types of activities and in different ways to stimulate entrepreneurial spirit among STEM graduates and students. As barriers to business creation, the difficulty in obtaining financial support associated with high patent costs was highlighted. Government and private investors should develop financial support instruments to help these potential entrepreneurs.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship education; Entrepreneurial spirit; Higher Education Institutions; University-Business Alliance; STEM students; Barriers; SCIENT (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I23 L26 M13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1007/s10843-020-00274-4

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