Does international patent collaboration have an effect on entrepreneurship?
Daniel Alonso-Martínez (),
Nuria González-Álvarez () and
Mariano Nieto ()
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Daniel Alonso-Martínez: Universidad de León
Nuria González-Álvarez: Universidad de León
Mariano Nieto: Universidad de León/CUNEF
Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 2021, vol. 19, issue 4, No 5, 539-559
Abstract Entrepreneurship is one of the main pillars of growth in any economy. Achieving a high rate of entrepreneurship in a region has become the priority objective of governments and firms. However, in many cases, new firm creation is conditioned by relations or collaboration in innovation with agents from other countries. Previous literature has analyzed the mechanisms that foster entrepreneurship. This paper attempts to shed light on the influence of international patent collaboration (IPC) on entrepreneurial activity at country level taking into account the timing of this relationship. An empirical study is proposed to verify whether IPC leads to greater entrepreneurship and to analyze the gestation period between international patenting actions and firm creation. Using the Generalized Method of Moments, the two hypotheses proposed were tested in a data panel of 30 countries for the period 2005–2017. Results show the influence of IPC in promoting entrepreneurship in the same year, but especially in the following year. The study offers implications for entrepreneurs and public agents. IPC affects the integration and interaction of international agents in a country, favors the production of new knowledge, and increases positive externalities in a territory. All this facilitates the creation of new companies with a high innovative component.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship; International patent collaboration; Innovation; Co-patents; M13; M16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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