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TFP change and its components for Swedish manufacturing firms during the 2008–2009 financial crisis

Pontus Mattsson (), Jonas Månsson and William H. Greene
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Pontus Mattsson: Linnaeus University
Jonas Månsson: Linnaeus University
William H. Greene: New York University

Journal of Productivity Analysis, 2020, vol. 53, issue 1, No 7, 79-93

Abstract: Abstract A driving force of economic development is growth in total factor productivity (TFP). Manufactured goods are, to a large extent, exports, and represent an important part of the economy for many developed countries. Additionally, a slowdown in labour productivity has been observed in many OECD countries since the financial crisis of 2008–2009. This study investigates TFP change and its components for the Swedish manufacturing industry, compared with the private service sector, during the years 1997–2013, centering on the financial crisis. Stochastic frontier analysis (SFA) is used to disentangle persistent and transient efficiency from firm heterogeneity and random noise, respectively. In addition, technical change (TC), returns to scale (RTS) and a scale change (SC) component are also identified. Along with the empirical analysis, an elaborative discussion regarding TC in SFA is provided. The persistent part for manufacturing (service) is 0.796 (0.754) and the transient part is 0.787 (0.762), indicating improvement potentials. Furthermore, TFP change is substantially lower between the years 2007–2013, compared to 1997–2007. This occurs due to a lower technological progress. Policy should, therefore, target interventions that enhance technology. However, care needs to be taken so that policies do not sustain low-productive firms that otherwise would exit the market.

Keywords: Financial crisis; Manufacturing; Persistent and transient efficiency; Technical change; Total factor productivity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C23 D24 O14 L25 L60 L80 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1007/s11123-019-00561-w

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