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Dynamic Accessibility using Big Data: The Role of the Changing Conditions of Network Congestion and Destination Attractiveness

Borja Moya-Gómez (), María Henar Salas-Olmedo (), Juan Carlos García-Palomares () and Javier Gutiérrez ()
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Borja Moya-Gómez: Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM)
María Henar Salas-Olmedo: Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM)
Juan Carlos García-Palomares: Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM)
Javier Gutiérrez: Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM)

Networks and Spatial Economics, 2018, vol. 18, issue 2, 273-290

Abstract: Abstract Accessibility is essentially a dynamic concept. However, most studies on urban accessibility take a static approach, overlooking the fact that accessibility conditions change dramatically throughout the day. Due to their high spatial and temporal resolution, the new data sources (Big Data) offer new possibilities for the study of accessibility. The aim of this paper is to analyse urban accessibility considering its two components –the performance of the transport network and the attractiveness of the destinations– using a dynamic approach using data from TomTom and Twitter respectively. This allows us to obtain profiles that highlight the daily variations in accessibility in the city of Madrid, and identify the influence of congestion and the changes in location of the population. These profiles reveal significant variations according to transport zones. Each transport zone has its own accessibility profile, and thus its own specific problems, which require solutions that are also specific.

Keywords: Time-sensitive accessibility; Urban transport; TomTom; Twitter; Geographic information systems (GIS) (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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