Travel Time Reliability in Vehicle Routing and Scheduling with Time Windows
Naoki Ando () and
Eiichi Taniguchi ()
Networks and Spatial Economics, 2006, vol. 6, issue 3, 293-311
This paper presents calibration of the Vehicle Routing and scheduling Problems with Time Windows-Probabilistic (VRPTW-P) model which takes into account the uncertainty of travel times. Probe vehicle data of travel times were obtained from usual operation of pickup-delivery trucks in South Osaka area. The optimal solution of the VRPTW-P model resulted in reducing total cost, running times and CO 2 , NOx and Particle Materials (PM) emissions compared with the usual operation. This is attributed to better routing of VRPTW-P to choose more reliable roads. Therefore, VRPTW-P can contribute to establish efficient and environmentally friendly delivery systems in urban area. Copyright Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2006
Keywords: Urban freight transport; ITS; Optimisation; City logistics; Travel times (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:kap:netspa:v:6:y:2006:i:3:p:293-311
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