Poverty and Problem Behaviors across the Early Life Course: The Role of Sensitive Period Exposure
Michael J. McFarland ()
Additional contact information
Michael J. McFarland: Florida State University
Population Research and Policy Review, 2017, vol. 36, issue 5, 739-760
Abstract Research routinely finds that children exposed to poverty exhibit more problem behaviors than their nonexposed counterparts. This research, however, lacks developmental specificity with regard to timing and the pathways by which poverty exposures manifest across the early life course. I utilized 15 years of prospective data from the Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development to assess how poverty exposures and financial strains at different ages (0–1, 2–5, and 15) were related to problem behaviors during early childhood (ages 2–5), late childhood (ages 5–12), and adolescence (age 15). Results show that poverty exposures during infancy and to a lesser extent early childhood were robust predictors of problem behaviors in early childhood, late childhood, and adolescence because they were linked to more problem behaviors at younger ages, which persisted over time. These associations partially operated through financial strain. Poverty during adolescence was mostly unrelated to problem behaviors during adolescence after taking into account exposures at younger ages. Overall, this study provided initial evidence that poverty exposure during infancy may have lasting implications for problem behaviors across the early life course.
Keywords: Problem behaviors; Poverty; Sensitive periods; Life course; Stress process (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11113-017-9442-4 Abstract (text/html)
Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:kap:poprpr:v:36:y:2017:i:5:d:10.1007_s11113-017-9442-4
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.springer. ... es/journal/11113/PS2
Access Statistics for this article
Population Research and Policy Review is currently edited by D.A. Swanson
More articles in Population Research and Policy Review from Springer, Southern Demographic Association (SDA)
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla ().