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Disparities in Access to Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Retailers Over Time and Space

Clare Y. Cho () and Jill K. Clark ()
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Clare Y. Cho: Economic Research Service
Jill K. Clark: Ohio State University

Population Research and Policy Review, 2020, vol. 39, issue 1, 99-118

Abstract: Abstract The largest public assistance program in the United States, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), relies on private retailers for program access. We analyze geo-coded SNAP-authorized convenience and grocery stores in 2000 and 2010 to determine factors associated with their accessibility. Results demonstrate that accessibility was higher in areas with high rates of SNAP income-eligible individuals, but that some spatial disparity persists, particularly in areas with lower initial access and rural areas. Findings highlight the importance of SNAP-authorized convenience stores if markets continue to determine the location of SNAP access points.

Keywords: SNAP; Food access; Spatial analysis; Grocery stores; Convenience stores; Disparity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I30 I38 L11 L20 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1007/s11113-019-09514-5

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Handle: RePEc:kap:poprpr:v:39:y:2020:i:1:d:10.1007_s11113-019-09514-5