Does NGOs’ Commercialization Affect Volunteer Work? The Crowding out or Crowding in Effect
Paweł Mikołajczak () and
Piotr Bajak ()
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Paweł Mikołajczak: Poznań University of Economics and Business
Piotr Bajak: Polish Economic Society
Public Organization Review, 2021, vol. 21, issue 1, No 7, 103-118
Abstract The aim of this article is to identify whether the commercialization of NGOs has an influence on the crowding out or crowding in effect of volunteer work, and to indicate the factors affecting volunteers’ regular involvement in NGO activity. The conducted research confirmed the hypothesis that the commercialization of Polish NGOs is associated with the crowding in effect of volunteer work. The authors prove that the direction of knowledge transfer can be important in engaging volunteers to work in NGOs. The model demonstrates that the likelihood of the NGO crowding in effect increases with frequent internal training, and decreases rapidly with participation in conferences, which work as external knowledge transfer.
Keywords: NGOs; Crowding out/in effect; Volunteer; commercialization; knowledge transfer; L31; P31; O15; J29 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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