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Empowerment or Limitation? A Critical Exploration of American State Women-Owned Business Programs

Christopher L. Atkinson () and Charles Penrod ()
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Christopher L. Atkinson: University of West Florida
Charles Penrod: University of West Florida

Public Organization Review, 2022, vol. 22, issue 2, No 9, 367-385

Abstract: Abstract Governments have a history of intervention in the market to aid small, minority, and women-owned businesses. This research explores women-owned business development programs across the United States. The paper begins with a discussion of programs to serve women-owned businesses, noting barriers that exist for women business owners to access markets and capital. Analysis considers program offerings and how they are communicated to the public and client businesses via government websites. Policy approaches may reinforce patterns of suppression, rather than opening maximum opportunities for women business owners.

Keywords: Women-owned business; Public procurement; Public policy; Empowerment; Economic development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1007/s11115-021-00541-5

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