“Cleansing the air at the expense of waterways?” Empirical evidence from the toxic releases of coal-fired power plants in the United States
Xiang Bi ()
Journal of Regulatory Economics, 2017, vol. 51, issue 1, 18-40
Abstract Environmental policies in the United States have primarily taken the form of media-specific regulations that emphasize end-of-pipe pollution control. This can lead to the shifting of pollution across environmental media, thereby having the potential to solve one environmental problem by creating a new problem. This study uses data from 228 coal-fired power plants that report to the Toxics Release Inventory to conduct an empirical examination of the extent to which media-specific regulation has caused power plants to shift their toxic air releases to waterways, land, or transfers for offsite recycling facilities. Controlling for plant-level fixed effects, scale of production, and environmental inspections and enforcement under air regulation, this study finds that adopting tougher air pollution regulation that designates counties as being in nonattainment status with the National Ambient Air Quality Standards significantly increased toxic releases to waterways and land.
Keywords: Regulation; Toxic Releases Inventory (TRI); Cross-media substitution; Clean Air Act (CAA); Clean Water Act (CWA); National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS); Inspection; Enforcement (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q53 Q58 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11149-016-9314-6 Abstract (text/html)
Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:kap:regeco:v:51:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s11149-016-9314-6
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.springer. ... on/journal/11149/PS2
Access Statistics for this article
Journal of Regulatory Economics is currently edited by Michael A. Crew
More articles in Journal of Regulatory Economics from Springer
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla ().