Decomposing culture: an analysis of gender, language, and labor supply in the household
Victor Gay (),
Daniel L. Hicks,
Estefania Santacreu-Vasut () and
Additional contact information
Daniel L. Hicks: University of Oklahoma
Estefania Santacreu-Vasut: ESSEC Business School and THEMA
Amir Shoham: Temple University and COMAS
Review of Economics of the Household, 2018, vol. 16, issue 4, 879-909
Abstract Despite broad progress in closing many dimensions of the gender gap around the globe, recent research has shown that traditional gender roles can still exert a large influence on female labor force participation, even in developed economies. This paper empirically analyzes the role of culture in determining the labor market engagement of women within the context of collective models of household decision making. In particular, we use the epidemiological approach to study the relationship between gender in language and labor market participation among married female immigrants to the U.S. We show that the presence of gender in language can act as a marker for culturally acquired gender roles and that these roles are important determinants of household labor allocations. Female immigrants who speak a language with sex-based grammatical rules exhibit lower labor force participation, hours worked, and weeks worked. Our strategy of isolating one component of culture reveals that roughly two thirds of this relationship can be explained by correlated cultural factors, including the role of bargaining power in the household, and the impact of ethnic enclaves and that at most one third is potentially explained by language having a causal impact.
Keywords: Language; Gender gap; Bargaining power in the household; Labor force participation; Immigrants (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 J16 Z13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11150-017-9369-x Abstract (text/html)
Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.
Working Paper: Decomposing culture: An analysis of gender, language, and labor supply in the household (2017)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:kap:reveho:v:16:y:2018:i:4:d:10.1007_s11150-017-9369-x
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.springer. ... cs/journal/11150/PS2
Access Statistics for this article
Review of Economics of the Household is currently edited by Shoshana Grossbard
More articles in Review of Economics of the Household from Springer
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla ().