Parental duties, labor market behavior, and single fatherhood in America
Review of Economics of the Household, 2018, vol. 16, issue 4, 1063-1083
Abstract Longitudinal analysis using samples from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics suggests that men’s income and wages decrease after entering into single fatherhood by marital separation. This loss exceeds what can be explained by marital separation alone. Using a difference in difference approach, I estimate that single fatherhood suppresses men’s annual income by more than $8,000 per year, putting these men and their children at increased economic risk. Similar labor market changes are experienced by widower fathers, a subset of exogenous single fathers. The apparent effects show persistence after single fathers remarry, but mostly diminish after children mature and leave the household. These results stand at odds with previous research suggesting that fatherhood increases men’s wages and hours, and that male labor market outcomes are not significantly influenced by housework.
Keywords: Single fatherhood; Single parenting; Housework; Labor supply; Separation; J12; J13; J22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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