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Estimating dual headed time in food production with implications for SNAP benefit adequacy

Wen You () and George C. Davis
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Wen You: Virginia Tech
George C. Davis: Virginia Tech

Review of Economics of the Household, 2019, vol. 17, issue 1, 249-266

Abstract: Abstract Intrahousehold resource allocations have important implications for policies targeted at household resources and thus household welfare. Recent literature has shown, for single headed households, that the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefits may be inadequate to reach a nutritious diet due to a “time deficit” gap in food production. This paper first develops a simple theoretically based time adjustment multiplier to address this benefit inadequacy for single and dual headed households. A method is then developed for estimating spousal time in food production with limited data. The estimated time deficit gap and time adjustment multiplier are smaller for dual headed households than single headed households. For single headed households, the time adjusted benefits are about $107 per household per week higher than the unadjusted benefits. For dual headed households, ignoring the spousal time contribution, the time adjusted benefits are about $73 per household per week higher than the unadjusted benefits. However, by including the spousal time contribution, this benefit shortfall is reduced by about $50. These findings demonstrate the importance of taking into account intrahousehold time allocation in evaluating the adequacy of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefits.

Keywords: Food Production Time; SNAP; Dual-headed households; D04; I32; I38 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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