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Self-employed immigrants and their employees: evidence from Swedish employer-employee data

Mats Hammarstedt () and Chizheng Miao
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Mats Hammarstedt: Linnaeus University
Chizheng Miao: Linnaeus University

Review of Economics of the Household, 2020, vol. 18, issue 1, 35-68

Abstract: Abstract We present a study of the employees of self-employed immigrants with unincorporated firms in Sweden using matched employer-employee data from 2014. Non-European immigrants are more likely than natives to have employees in their firms. Furthermore, immigrants, especially non-European immigrants, are more likely than natives to employ immigrants in their firms, and non-European immigrants are most likely to employ recently arrived non-European immigrants with low education in their firms. Males are more likely than females to have employees in their firms, but self-employed females are more likely than self-employed males to have female employees. This is the case for all immigrant groups as well as for natives. We conclude that self-employed immigrants play a role in the labour market integration process since they create employment opportunities for immigrant groups that have difficulty entering the labour market.

Keywords: Self-employment; Immigrants; Employment; Employees; Sweden; J61; L26; F22; J21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1007/s11150-019-09446-1

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