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Gender norms and women’s decision to work: evidence from Japan

Núria Rodriguez-Planas () and Ryuichi Tanaka

Review of Economics of the Household, 2022, vol. 20, issue 1, No 2, 15-36

Abstract: Abstract Using individual-level data from the National Family Research of Japan Survey (1999, 2004 and 2009) and exploiting variation in the share of individuals with non-traditional gender norms across birth-cohorts, survey year, education, and prefecture, we find that an increase in the share of individuals with non-traditional beliefs by one standard deviation is associated with an increase in Japanese women’s decision to work by 0.016 percentage points, the equivalent of an increase of 3.4% standard deviation. Our measure of non-traditional gender norms is the share of women who disagree with the statement “men should work outside and women should look after the family”. As we conduct a battery of sensitivity analyses and placebo tests, our findings suggest an impact of non-traditional norms on Japanese women’s decision to work full-time.

Keywords: Gender norms; Women’s decision to work; Culture; J16; J22; Z13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1007/s11150-021-09543-0

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