Enhancement of value investing strategies based on financial statement variables: the German evidence
Timo H. Leivo (),
Janne Hulkkonen () and
J. V. Samuli Honkapuro ()
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Timo H. Leivo: Lappeenranta University of Technology
Janne Hulkkonen: Rainmaker Numbers
J. V. Samuli Honkapuro: Lappeenranta University of Technology
Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, 2018, vol. 51, issue 3, 813-845
Abstract This paper examines the added-value of combining traditional valuation ratios with each other as well as with some financial statement variables in the German stock markets during the 2000–2015 period. The results show that combination pays off and, moreover, that the benefits of combination are greater in Germany than in most other developed stock markets. Particularly, we find strong evidence of the added-value of using Piotroski’s F-score as a supplementary selection criterion for value stocks as well as for low-accrual stocks. Our results show further that the F-score also boosts the efficacy of other valuation ratios besides the book-to-price ratio. In addition, the inclusion of F-score besides a relative value measure tends to increase the average market equity of portfolio firms. The decomposition of the full-sample-period performance into separate bull- and bear-period performance shows clearly that the better performance of F-score-boosted portfolios is mostly attributable to their outperformance during bearish periods, even though on average, they also generate higher bull-period returns than the comparable value portfolios formed without F-score. The use of F-score as a supplementary criterion also increases the proportion of stocks that earn above-market-average returns during the subsequent holding period. For the first time in the financial literature, we also document a strong relationship between high F-score stocks and momentum stocks.
Keywords: Value premium; Valuation multiples; Value investing; Value anomaly; Accrual anomaly (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G11 G14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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