Innovation and employment in manufacturing and service firms in Ghana
Abena D. Oduro and
Additional contact information
Agyapomaa Gyeke-Dako: University of Ghana
Abena D. Oduro: University of Ghana
Small Business Economics, 2020, vol. 54, issue 4, No 12, 1153-1164
Abstract While the importance of innovation as a primary source of economic growth has never been in dispute, its impact on employment has remained indeterminate. On one hand, the pessimists indicate that firm innovation destroys jobs because of the immediate indirect labour-saving nature of the effect of innovation, while the optimists argue that there are several compensation mechanisms that are known to counterbalance the initial effect of innovation and render the final effect indeterminate. Using data on a panel of 421 firms in Ghana, the paper investigates the relationship between innovation introduced at the firm level and employment. Relying on the panel fixed effects and Hausman-Taylor estimation techniques, this study finds a robust statistically significant positive impact of product innovation on employment but not for process innovation. In terms of policy relevance, this finding reemphasizes the need for policy makers in Ghana to intensity efforts in promoting technology diffusion particularly through FDI. This study thus contributes to the literature on innovation in Africa by providing evidence on why technological innovation in the form of product innovation can be a panacea to alleviating employment challenges in Ghana.
Keywords: Process innovation; Product innovation; Employment; Manufacturing; Service; Ghana (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J23 L26 O14 O31 O55 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (3) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11187-018-0120-7 Abstract (text/html)
Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:kap:sbusec:v:54:y:2020:i:4:d:10.1007_s11187-018-0120-7
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.springer. ... 29/journal/11187/PS2
Access Statistics for this article
Small Business Economics is currently edited by Zoltan J. Acs and David B. Audretsch
More articles in Small Business Economics from Springer
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla () and Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing ().