Axiomatizations of the proportional Shapley value
Manfred Besner ()
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Manfred Besner: HFT Stuttgart, University of Applied Sciences
Theory and Decision, 2019, vol. 86, issue 2, 161-183
Abstract We present new axiomatic characterizations of the proportional Shapley value, a weighted TU-value with the worths of the singletons as weights. The presented characterizations are proportional counterparts to the famous characterizations of the Shapley value by Shapley (Contributions to the theory of games, vol. 2. Princeton University Press, Princeton, pp 307–317, 1953b) and Young (Cost allocation: methods, principles, applications. North Holland Publishing Co, 1985a). We introduce two new axioms, called proportionality and player splitting, respectively. Each of them makes a main difference between the proportional Shapley value and the Shapley value. If the stand-alone worths are plausible weights, the proportional Shapley value is a convincing alternative to the Shapley value, for example in cost allocation. Especially, the player splitting property, which states that players’ payoffs do not change if another player splits into two new players who have the same impact to the game as the original player, justifies the use of the proportional Shapley value in many economic situations.
Keywords: Cost allocation; Dividends; Proportional Shapley value; (Weighted) Shapley value; Proportionality; Player splitting (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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