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Identification of Linkages between the Competitive Potential and Competitive Position of SMEs Related to their Internationalization Patterns Shortly after the Economic Crisis

Piotr Trąpczyński (), Barbara Jankowska (), Marlena Dzikowska () and Marian Gorynia ()
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Piotr Trąpczyński: Poznan Univeristy of Economics and Business
Barbara Jankowska: Poznan Univeristy of Economics and Business
Marlena Dzikowska: Poznan Univeristy of Economics and Business
Marian Gorynia: Poznan Univeristy of Economics and Business

Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 2016, vol. 4, issue 4, 29-50

Abstract: Objective: We aim to identify internationalization profiles of SMEs for the period immediately following the global economic crisis (years 2010-2013) and characterise them with reference to the firms' competitive potential during the crisis (year 2009), and their competitive position at the end of the analysed period. Research Design & Methods: The study is based on a complementary data set derived from secondary (AMADEUS database) and primary sources of information (computer assisted telephone interviews with top managers) for 553 micro, small and medium firms located in Poland. We conduct a cluster analysis to identify different internationalization profiles of SMEs for the years 2010-2013. Findings: In the year of the global economic crisis ambitious investors on average had at their disposal substantially better competitive potential than the remaining two groups. Ambitious exporters were better equipped than cautious internationalizers only in terms of human resources, intangible resources and quality control. Implications & Recommendations: Policy support should be particularly oriented towards supplying information about foreign markets and fostering firms in an optimal allocation of their resources. Contribution & Value Added: The study suggests that the strategy of diversifying international markets during the economic crisis and recovery can be a means of improving performance and reducing excessive dependence on fluctuations in key markets.

Keywords: internationalization; SME; economic crisis; Poland; competitiveness (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F23 F44 L25 M16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review is currently edited by Krzysztof Wach, PhD, hab.

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