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Exploring the Role of Ownership in International Entrepreneurship: How does Ownership Affect Internationalisation of Polish Firms?

Krzysztof Wach ()
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Krzysztof Wach: Cracow University of Economics, Poland

Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 2017, vol. 5, issue 4, 205-223

Abstract: Objective: The article focuses on the role of ownership in the process of entrepreneurial internationalisation of the firm. The main objective of the article is to verify whether and how ownership impacts on the level of internationalisation. Research Design & Methods: The study elaborates on three dimensions of ownership, which are ownership structure (foreign vs. domestic), family ownership and the characteristics of the owner (age, sex, global mindset and knowledge – the last two measured on a 5-point Likert scale). The sample of 190 internationalised Polish businesses were used in order to verify the assumed hypotheses. Findings: The investigated firms operating in Poland of foreign ownership are more internationalised, measured by TNI, than those of domestic capital only. As a general rule, the investigated non-family firms are more internationalised than family firms as for the average TNI value. International attitude of the entrepreneur-owner affect the level of internationalisation: the higher values of attitude index, the higher values of TNI. Neither the age nor the sex of the entrepreneur affect the level of internationalisation. Implications & Recommendations: it is obvious that knowledge is one of the key factors affecting the internationalisation, especially market choices, entry modes as well as the speed of internationalisation. Although much has been done in this field, but it still needs further and deeper investigations. Contribution & Value Added: The current study and its findings indicate that ownership is one of key aspects relevant for explaining the internationalisation of firms, but its impact on firms’ international behaviour is somewhat equivocal.

Keywords: International Entrepreneurship; International Business; Ownership; Family Firms (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F23 L20 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review is currently edited by Krzysztof Wach, PhD, hab.

More articles in Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review from Centre for Strategic and International Entrepreneurship of the Faculty of Economics and International Relations at the Cracow University of Economics. EBER Journal Cracow University of Economics Faculty of Economics and International Relations Centre for Strategic and International Entrepreneurship ul. Rakowicka 27 31-510 Krakow Poland. Contact information at EDIRC.
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