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Pakistan-India Trade Potential and Issues

Zareen F. Naqvi ()
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Zareen F. Naqvi: Director of Institutional Research at the University of the Fraser Valley in British Columbia, Canada.

Lahore Journal of Economics, 2009, vol. 14, issue Special Edition, 171-201

Abstract: Pakistan and India are the two largest economies in South Asia with very low levels of bilateral trade. This hasbeen the result of border disputes and political tensions, but also of inward-looking import-substitution growth strategies. Trade (including official and unofficial) between the two countries stood at around US$ 2.5-2.6 billion in 2007/08 but it could potentially be as much as US$ 5-10 billion or two to four times its current levels. The Composite Dialogue Process (CDP) has led to substantial improvements in political relations over the last 5 years and trade relations have shown positive outcomes as well. This paper recommends that the process be strengthened further by restarting the stalled CDP, Pakistan granting most favored nation (MFN) status to India, continuing to reduce impediments to trade and trade logistics, and perhaps even considering the possibility of a free trade agreement (FTA) with India.

Keywords: Bilateral trade; Pakistan; India; competitiveness. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2009
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Handle: RePEc:lje:journl:v:14:y:2009:i:sp:p:171-201