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Opening the Farm Gate to Women? The Gender Gap in U.S. Agriculture

Anders Fremstad and Mark Paul

Journal of Economic Issues, 2020, vol. 54, issue 1, 124-141

Abstract: This article provides an empirical analysis of the gender gap for farming in the United States. Using the 2012 U.S. Census of Agriculture we show that farms operated by women earn forty percent less farm income than farms operated by men after controlling for farm and operator characteristics. These findings indicate that farming is one of the most unequal professions in the United States today. Further, we investigate whether three forms of sustainable agriculture improve incomes for women farmers. We find that only farms engaging in Community Supported Agriculture experience a marked decline in the gender income gap.

Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1080/00213624.2020.1720569

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