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Socioeconomic Impacts of Climate Extremes on American’s Poverty-Related Human Needs (A New Approach by Nonprofits)

Farhan Ali () and Muhammad Hassan
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Muhammad Hassan: Interserve Learning and Employment UK plc

Journal of International Business Research and Marketing, 2018, vol. 4, issue 1, 41-54

Abstract: Climate extremes have a crucial role in altering poverty-related human needs as well as trust level in governments and nonprofit organizations. To investigate socioeconomic impacts of climate extremes on poverty-related human needs this article uses reliable and objective data collected by the U.S. Salvation Army of assistance provided to the extreme poor Americans. The study reaches to the results that precipitation extremes are more crucial than temperature extremes. Extreme low precipitation and its continuity (drought), contrasting to extremely high precipitation, statistically significantly contribute to enhancing poverty-related human needs of western Americans in particular and reducing/increasing their trust level in governments/nonprofits. Furthermore, considering seasonality during summer and winter (July-December but October exclusive) poverty-related human needs elevation indicate lower trust level in government and elevated trust level in nonprofit. In December ever the highest assistance level by the Salvation Army to the needy Americans shown by maximum HNI score during Jan-2004 to Dec. 2016 uncover the higher poverty-related needs and the lower level of trust in government. Temperature extremes remain insignificant determining trust level and human needs. Unemployed Americans have higher trust level in nonprofit organizations rather than the governments for emergency assistance during climatic extremes.

Keywords: Poverty-related Human needs; Human needs index (HNI); Climate extremes; the U.S. Salvation army (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: M00 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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DOI: 10.18775/jibrm.1849-8558.2015.41.3005

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