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Beyond the Social Distance and Cultural Similarities: Turkish Citizens and Syrians in Şanlıurfa

M. Murat Erdoğan and Deniz Yetkin Aker
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M. Murat Erdoğan: Turkish-German University, Political Science and International Relations, Türkiye
Deniz Yetkin Aker: Tekirdağ Namik Kemal University, Political Science and Public Administration, Türkiye

Migration and Diversity, 2023, vol. 2, issue 1, 1-13

Abstract: In Şanlıurfa, Syrians and residents have a historical background and cultural similarities such as language and kinship. Nevertheless, the number of Syrian migrants is very high in the city and residents are distant to Syrians. Şanlıurfa case study aims to analyze the variation in social distance of residents toward Syrian migrants. This study argues that the number of migrants in a country (or in a neighborhood) is more important than cultural similarities when explaining social cohesion. In addition, based on multiple regression analysis, the study suggests that under such circumstance, there are mainly three determinants to explain variation in social distance, which are related to the perception and/or beliefs of Şanlıurfa residents, such as perceived crime and social disorder; their beliefs about Syrian migrants’ personalities; and their linguistic (in)tolerance increase in criminality (perceived crime) and erosion in identity (and maybe norms, that is social disorder)).

Keywords: Social Distance; Syrians; Şanlıurfa; Forced Migration; Social Cohesion (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2023
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DOI: 10.33182/md.v2i1.2964

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